A. RESEARCH FIELDS
1. Roman strategies of conquest and integration of the territories between the Atlantic and the Black Sea:
- actual military domination and stipendia,
- cultural influence, acculturation
- the quality and quantity of the Roman material goods flow in Barbaricum and the regional and chronological differences;
- the economic and political ways of procuring Roman material goods;
- exchanges and trade;
- the chronology of the “waves” of Romanian imports;
- the identification of the origin of goods (from the eastern / western production centers), of markets, and of transport routes of Roman imports / exports;
- the military role within Roman provinces in promoting and organizing border trade with barbarians.
Thus, the research on the role of the army in romanization focused on two main areas: a) the role of the army and of the settlements near the military camps in urbanization and Romanization; b) the impact of recruitment of various populations in the Roman army, primarily in the auxiliary troops. The provinces of the Lower Danube, for example, were border provinces of the Empire, the role of the armed forces, of veterans, and of military settlements being extremely important for the integration of this space in the Roman world. The army has been for many peregrines one of the main vehicles for accession to Roman citizenship and for integration in provincial society. Regarding the military settlements, it pointed out the possibility of double settlements, a military vicus around the fort and a civilian vicus outside its safe zone. This has been showed so far show only for the settlements situated near the legionary centers on the Rhine and Danube. However, in certain circumstances, dual settlements could develop besides the camps of the auxiliary troops. This reality can be seen mostly in Lower Moesia, where before the Roman conquest there were indigenous communities, but also power centers of the Thracian kingdom. These indigenous settlements continued to exist after the integration of this space in the Roman Empire, and in addition to auxiliary camps arose military vici. In these settlements, nuclei of Roman citizens appeared, cives Romani consistentes, the basis for future Roman cities;
3. Roman influence on development and shaping of the social structures, through:
- the shaping of the elites and the ways to contact them,
- the ethnic background and the mobility (migrations);
4. The importance of the Roman Empire for the interaction of the natives;
5. The Roman influence on the economic, intellectual and cultural development in Barbaricum, on human settlements, and on the use of different natural resources and territory, by:
- the acquisition of new agricultural and industrial techniques;
- the use of image and text.
Based on the cultural unity previous to the Roman conquest, true “border areas” were awakened to life, resulting in strong economic and social contacts between residents and outsiders. This space was often kept under control through the construction and maintenance of fortifications with checkpoints. With the agreement of the central / provincial authorities, and under the direct supervision of the Roman army, an intense cross-border trade, with benefits for both parties, took place in the “buffer zones”, in accordance with strict regulations on taxes and on exchanged goods. Gradually, these peripheral areas, included in the “invisible boundary of the Roman Empire” (“vorlimes”), became the periphery of the Roman economy and the center of cultural symbiosis, helping to extend the Romanization of barbarian populations.
B. INTERNATIONAL VISIBILITY
Within the project there were organized several scientific meetings:
- Second Romanization Roundtable, Iași, 4-7.06.2015. In this international scientific meetings, there were addressed topics such as economic Romanization and the impact on the communities from the German Roman and the north Danube Barbaricum, and on the civil settlements from the limes located next to the military camps.
- International symposium “Mobility in Research on the Black Sea Region (PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0054 and PN-II-ID-PCE-2012-4-0490 to H2020)”, Iaşi, 5-10.07.2015. This symposium aimed the performance and the prospects of the research projects in the Black Sea and Propontis area during the Greek and Roman period concerning the Pontic community, and have initiated an European project proposal for Horizon 2020.
- International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology “Homines, Funera, Astra”, Fifth edition, Death and Animals from Prehistory to Middle Ages, 18 – 21 October 2015, Alba-Iulia. The International Symposium Homines, funera, astra brought together presentations on archaeozoology in funerary contexts, focusing especially on the symbolic presence of animals in funerary context.
Project members have completed their documentation abroad, by research visits in the libraries of Römisch-Germanische Kommission des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts and Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften (Goethe-Universität) (Alexander Rubel, Lucian Munteanu, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă, Iulia Dumitrache); German Archaeological Institute, Berlin, Konstanz Universität (Alexander Rubel), in Taormina/Messina, Italy (Lucian Munteanu), Prague (Lucian Munteanu, Alexander Rubel) and Paris, France (Lucian Munteanu, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă, Iulia Dumitrache).